The PeaceHavens Project 

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Continental Ports and Towns in the Flax Trade

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Archangel

Cronstadt

 Dantzig


 Elbing

Gavle

Goritsy

Konigsberg

Libau

Lubeck

 Memel

Moscow

Narva

Novgorod

Oudewater

Pernau

Pillau

 Pskove

 Revel

Riga

Rybinsk

St Petersburg

Siberia

Tilsit

 Visby

 Vologda

Windau

Yaroslavl

Yuzovka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zyrardow

       

The Hanseatic League

 

The flax and hemp were cultivated in the Russian provinces of Archangel, Courland, Estonia, Kostroma, Livonia, Novgorod, Pskov, Smolensk, Tver, Vyatka, Vitebsk, Vologda and Yaroslav or Jaroslav.  (The following names amongst others are given to the fibre: - Archangel, Bajetsky, Courish, Dorpat, Drogobusher, Dunaberg, Fabrichnoi, Fellin, Gjatsk, Glazoff, Griazourtz, Iwashkower, Jaransk, Janowitz, Jaropol, Jaroslav, Kama, Kashin, Konigsberg (now Kaliningrad). Kostroma, Kotelnitch, Kowns, Krasnoholm, Kurland (Courland), Latischki, Livonian Crowns, Malmuish, Marienberg (now Malbork), Mochenetz, Mologin, Newel, Nikolsky, Nolinsk, Novgorod, Opotchka, Ostroff, Ostrow, Otbornoy, Ouglitch, Pernau, Pskoff, Revel, Riga, Rjeff, St Petersburg, Seretz, Slanitz, Slobodskoi, Smolensk, Sytcheffka, Taroslav, Tchesna, Totma, Twer, Ustjuga, Viatka, Vishni, Vologda, Werro, Wiasma, Witebsk. These names indicate the particular district in which the flax has been grown, but it is more general to group the material into classes such as Livonian Crowns, Rija Crowns, Hoffs, Wracks, Drieband, Zins, Ristens, Pernau, Archangel, &c.).

  The bulk of the material was exported through the Baltic ports of Riga and St Petersburg (including Cronstadt) & from Konigsberg, Libau, Memel (now Klajpeda), Narva, Pernau, Revel, Tilsit, Windau,  & also Archangel on the White Sea when it wasn't frozen up..

       Oberland flax from an area in Switzerland came to the UK via Konigsberg, Elbing and was little esteemed in the British markets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Copyright 2022 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project

 

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