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 Ports and Towns in the Flax Trade

Pernau in Estonia

   PERNAU, Pärnu, Pernov (Russian) in Estonia. The Livonian bishop, Henricus, first conferred town status on Pernau in 1251 although there had been settlement here from the earliest times. The "new" town  of Pernau was also given town status in 1265 and the two continued separately on either side of the river until they were united under the inter-war Estonian government in 1920.   From the 16th century it was exporting timber, and later, flax to the Angus ports.

    Pernau flax is Livonian and Fellin sorts, the latter being the best under the following marks: Marienburg ; G, cut ; R, risten ; H D, Light Drieband ; D, Drieband ; O D, Ordinary Drieband; L O D, Low Ordinary Drieband.  .. also from Estonia.   Livonia carries on a large export trade, especially through Riga and Pernau, in petroleum, wool, oilcake, flax, linseed, hemp, grain, timber and wooden wares.

Pernau inhabitants with 1807 Customs seal.

Pernov became one of the main Russian ports

on the Baltic Sea - in the 18th century more

goods were exported through it than through

the Revel (Tallinn) port."

 

Vessel Ship Arrivals and Departures for Pernau Cargo
Garnet 12-08-1892 Arrived Dundee from Pernau Flax
Garnet had 464 tons, 5 cwt, 2 qt, 18 lb of flax on board.

 The last cargo of flax was brought to Arbroath on 5 August 1914 by the S/S Orient from Pernau.

 

Copyright 2022 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project