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Emperors of Russia 1721 - 1917

          Grand Princes               Imperial Tsars            Emperors and Empresses

   The Empire of Russia was declared by Peter the Great in 1721. Officially, Russia would be ruled by the Romanov dynasty until the Russian Revolution of 1917. However, direct male descendants of Michael Romanov came to an end in 1730 with the death of Peter II of Russia, grandson of Peter the Great. The throne passed to Anna, a niece of Peter the Great, and after the brief rule of her infant son Ivan VI, the throne was seized by Elizabeth, a daughter of Peter the Great. Elizabeth would be the last of the direct Romanov's to rule Russia. Elizabeth declared her nephew, Peter, to be her heir. Peter (who would rule as Peter III) spoke little Russian, having been a German prince of the House of Holstein-Gottorp before arriving in Russia to assume the Imperial title. He and his German wife Sophia changed their name to Romanov upon inheriting the throne. Peter was ill-liked, and he was assassinated within six months of assuming the throne, in a coup orchestrated by his wife, who became Empress in her own right and ruled as Catherine the Great. Following the confused successions of the descendants of Peter the Great, Catherine's son Paul I established clear succession laws which governed the rules of primogeniture over the Imperial throne until the fall of the Empire in 1917.

Monarch

Birth

Marriage

Emperor

from

Emperor

until

Death

Peter I

the Great

9 June 1672
Moscow,

Tsardom of Russia

Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina
1689   3 children
Marta Helena

Skowronska
1707   9 children

2 November

1721

8 February

1725

8 February 1725,

 St. Petersburg,

 Russian Empire

Catherine I

15 April 1684
Ringen (Rõngu),

Duchy of Livonia, Sweden

Peter I of Russia
1707
9 children

8 February

1725

17 May

1727

17 May 1727,
St. Petersburg,

 Russian Empire

Peter II

23 October 1715
St. Petersburg, Tsardom of Russia

unmarried

18 May

1727

30 January

1730

30 January 1730,

 Moscow,

Russian Empire

Anna

7 February 1693
Moscow, Tsardom of Russia

Frederick Wilhelm,

 Duke of Courland
November 1710
no children

13 February

1730

28 October

1740

28 October 1740

St. Petersburg,

Russian Empire

Ivan VI (disputed) 23 August 1740
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
unmarried 28 October

1740

6 December

1741

16 July 1764

 (murdered)
Shlisselburg,

Russian Empire

Elizabeth

29 December 1709
Kolomenskoye, Tsardom of Russia

Alexey Razumovsky
1742
no children

6 December

1741

5 January

1762

5 January 1762,
St. Petersburg,

 Russian Empire

Peter III

21 February 1728
Kiel,

 Schleswig-Holstein

Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst
16 August 1745
one son

9 January

1762

9 July

1762

17 July 1762

(murdered),

Ropsha,

Russian Empire

Catherine II

 the Great

2 May 1729
Stettin,

 Kingdom of Prussia

Peter III of Russia
16 August 1745
one son

9 July

1762

17 November

1796

17 November 1796

St. Petersburg,

Russian Empire

Paul I

1 October 1754
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire

Princess Wilhelmina Louisa

 of Hesse-Darmstadt
29 September 1773 -  1 stillborn son
 Princess Sophie Dorothea

of Württemberg
26 September 1776 - ten children

17 November

1796

23 March

1801

23 March 1801
(assassinated)
St. Petersburg,

Russian Empire

Alexander I

the Blessed

23 December 1777
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire

Princess Louise of Baden
28 September 1793
2 daughters

23 March

1801

1 December

1825

1 December 1825,

 Taganrog,

Russian Empire

Constantine I (disputed)

27 April 1779
Tsarskoye Selo, Russian Empire

Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
26 February
no children

1 December

1825

26 December

1825

27 June 1831
Vitebsk,

Russian Empire

Nicholas I

6 July 1796
Gatchina, Russian Empire

Princess Charlotte of Prussia
13 July 1817
7 children

1 December

1825

2 March

1855

2 March 1855,
St. Petersburg,

Russian Empire

Alexander II

 the Liberator

29 April 1818
Moscow, Russian Empire

Princess Marie of Hesse

 and by Rhine
16 April 1841
8 children

2 March

1855

13 March

1881

13 March 1881
(assassinated)
St. Petersburg,

 Russian Empire

Alexander III

the Peace-Maker

10 March 1845
St. Petersburg, Russian Empire

Princess Dagmar of Denmark
9 November 1866
6 children

13 March

1881

1 November

1894

1 November 1894
Livadiya,

Russian Empire

Saint

Nicholas II

6 May 1868
Tsarskoye Selo, Russian Empire

Princess Alix of Hesse

and by Rhine
26 November 1894
5 children

1 November

1894

15 March

1917

17 July 1918

 (executed)
Yekaterinburg,

 Russian SFSR

Michael II

(disputed)

22 November 1878
Tsarskoye Selo, Russian Empire

Natalia Brassova
15 October 1911
one son

(born before his parents' marriage)

15 March

1917

16 March

1917

12 June 1918

(murdered)
Perm,

Russian SFSR

 

 

Copyright 2022 © Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project