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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

 

Dantzig of Poland

 

      DANTZIG according to Rolt, Dantzig (Gdansk in Polish), was 'the capital of regal Prussia in the Kingdom of Poland', situated on the banks of the river Vistula shortly before it flows into the Baltic sea. The two tributaries that run into the river in the town had been dredged, allowing quite big boats come up the four miles to the city wharves. The port had the 'best foreign trade of any port within the Baltic', and rivalled Hamburg in   importance. The closeness of German Gdansk and the German Dantzig explains why Dantzig and Dansk were used almost interchangeably in the early modern period. It was an important port and through it came a host of commodities from its hinterland of Poland (also sometimes called Polonia), Spruce (now known as Prussia), Muscovy and Russia, as well as the East Country or Eastland. [Dantzick flax; d_z Maningburg and all sorts of Rigitska flax] During the sixteenth century flax was imported to this country from Dantzig, often as a back cargo for the merchants exporting British Lead through Hull into the Baltic .. The flax may well not have been grown close to Dantzig, but brought there from far inland. However, the term 'Dantzig flax' seems to have come to mean a flax with particular characteristics that distinguished it from flaxes grown in other regions exporting through Baltic ports, such as Peterborough flax (St Petersburg) and Lettow Flax. What those distinctive characteristics may have been is now obscure. Dantzig flax could be grown in this country since, during the eighteenth century, its seed was available in the shops among other seeds intended 'to improve the ground'. This suggests that when produced in this country, its fibres may not have been of a high standard and were not the intended purpose of the crop. Found described as Fine describing seed to improve land.

  In Dumfries by order of the Queen in Council dated St. James's Jan. 05 1710, for leave to the "James of Dumfries" to unlade her flax and iron from Dantzic, she having loaded there long before the plague broke out and has performed her quarantine in the port of Dumfries and her crew in good health: all on the petition of John Crosby, owner, and James Wilkie, master thereof.

 

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Copyright 2022 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project

 Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project