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Baltic States seals ended in 1860

 

The Absence of Flax and Hemp Seals from the Baltic State Ports around the end  of the 1840's.

 British Merchants lost faith in the grading of flax and hemp from the Baltic States and arranged a new system in 1829 .. seemingly solving the problem but this too finally collapsed around 1850 with no further seals to be found.

  However faith in Archangel grading was high and the Archangel port seals continued to be used well until the end of the century.

   So unfortunately of the 20,000 tons of flax and hemp imported into the port of Arbroath in 1881-82 from the Baltic States none had seals .. but we did find 2 from Archangel, with more out there to be found

 

Shires in Scotland

District

works

employed

Dundee

  72

  35,310

Arbroath

  18

   4,941

Montrose

   6

   2,483

Forfar

   6

   1,865

Brechin   

   4

   1,332

Carnoustie

   2

     650

 

 ---

  ------

FORFARSHIRE

 108

  46,571

 

 

 

Kirkcaldy

  18

   3,887

Dunfermline

   5

     410

Leven Area

   9

   3,044

Eden

  16

   2,038

Tayport

   3

     200

 

  --

   -----

FIFESHIRE

  51

  11,579

 

 

 

Blairgowie

   9

   2,050

Coupar-Angus

   3

     467

Alyth

   2

     315

Perth

   3 

     908

 

   -

   -----

PERTHSHIRE

  17

   3,740

 

Flax, Hemp & Tow Imports

for Arbroath 1881 - 1882

(From Arbroath Harbour: Imports and Exports 1881-83)

imported from

type

tons

seals

Riga

Riga

Riga

flax

hemp

tow

13,505

   369

   111

none

Pernau

Pernau

flax

tow

 1,815

   131

none

St Petersburg

St Petersburg

flax

tow

 1,953

    97

none

Cronstadt

flax

   436

none

Reval

Reval

flax

tow

   860

   226

none

Memel

Memel

flax

tow

   818

     1

none

Narva

Narva

flax

tow

   200

     1

none

Konigsberg

Konigsberg

flax

hemp

   157

    27

none

Libau

flax

   194

none

Archangel

Archangel

flax

tow

   604

   369

2

 

 1829 Hemp Imports to UK from

Russia

 327,379 cwt

East Indies

  14,504 cwt

Italy

  14,504 cwt

Prussia

   3,604 cwt

   All retained for home consumption

 

 

 1828 Flax/Tow Imports to UK from

Russia

 643,153 cwt

Netherlands

 130,529 cwt

Prussia

  59,447 cwt

France

  39,210 cwt

Italy

   1,466 cwt

Australia

   2,300 cwt

   All retained for home consumption

 

 

Flax / Jute Imports in Tons

for Dundee in Scotland

Date

Flax, Tow, Hemp

Jute

1815

2,187

----

1820

4,958

----

1825

13,902

----

1830

20,496

----

1835

27,130

----

1837

15,237

----

1838

30,850

1,136

1843

26,268

----

1848

30,585

8,905

1853

47,113

15,400

1858

25,842

30,086

1863

28,988

46,983

1865

44,821

71,702

1867

41,409

63,674

1868

36,712

58,474

 

 

 

 

Copyright 2022 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project
Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project