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The PeaceHavens Project

Copyright 2020 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project
Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project

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Russian Flax/Hemp Bale Seals

  

Cross on Shield (Crosslet) Types

Russian Flax Bale Seals from Baltic Port Cities

of Riga, Reval (Tallinn), Pernau, Libau (Liepaja), Narva, Memel (Klaipedo) and Windau. 

These seals from Baltic ports carried the Nordic Cross or its counterpart, the cross of  Saint George.

The cross split the shield for a set number of pellets to designate the port and they could well be

 customs tax seals for that particular port. The only known port pellet designation is 1/1/-/- for Narva.

This is page ONE of TWO pages - for page TWO click  here

 

 

Website design, maps and photos by Ged Dodd - Director of The PeaceHavens Project.

 

Writer CI Borissow in "The Commerce of St Petersburg in 1818" says the trade

 in quality flax at Riga is much more considerable than at St Petersburg.

 

 

** Because we have not physically seen the seals from "Museums & Other Sites" we can not vouch for their 100% accuracy.
The soft lead letters are easily distorted which makes the Cyrillic alphabet very difficult to read and mistakes are common.

imes New Roman" size="5" color="#">

  

Baltic City Ports exporting Flax to Great Britain

St Petersburg, Kronstadt, Riga, Reval (Tallinn), Pernau, Libau (Liepaja), Narva

 

 

 

Cross on Shield Lead Flax Bale Seals

Riga, Narva, Reval (Tallinn), Pernau, Libau (Liepaja), Narva, Memel (Klaipedo).

Russian flax bale seals are the "bulla" type, a disc with a wide tunnel  from side to side for the wires.

 

Cross seals found during excavations at Narva in Estonia but giving no clue to city of Origin.

 Deciphering Baltic States Seals .. example

obverse

Crossed Shield

with pellets

The shield has the flat part at the top and is split into quarters by a large cross. Inside each quarter are pellets numbering from 0 to 9 which indicate the control area or port of shipping (which is unknown at present). Sometimes the pellets are tiny circles called annulets.

 reverse

CR

12K

 

CR are the initials of the Grower/Owner/Agent.

There are lots of different initials.

12K means there are 12 heads of top quality crown flax in the bale. This number can be 12K, 9K and 6K which equates to 1st, 2nd and 3rd Sort.

  Notes:- variations are numerous.

 

 There is no way of dating these seals except from association with other seals with which they have been found .. 9K and 12K seals are late 18th / early 19th Century whereas 6K seals (found only in Denmark and Sweden) are thought to be as early as the 16th century.

  Footnote:- only a very small proportion of these seals have holes through them  and it is a mystery how, or even if, they were attached to the bales.    There is a strong possibility that these seals were customs tax seals for individual towns. Lots of these seals have parts missing and this may be where the hole was located

     For a "COMPLETE LIST" of Grower/Owner/Agent initials on Cross Seals .. click   here

 

       Page One - local mills

     Found at Bentham Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Balt

b01

Cross quartered
+ shield with
9/9/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b02

Cross quartered
+ shield with
-/-/-/- pellets

WM

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b03

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

Balt

b04

Cross quartered
+ shield with
-/-/-/- pellets

WM

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b05

Cross quartered
+ shield with
9/9/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b06

Cross quartered
+ shield with
6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

Balt

b07

Cross quartered
+ shield with
6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

Balt

b08

Cross quartered
+ shield with
3/2/4/2 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b09

Cross quartered
+ shield with
3/2/4/2 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b10

Cross quartered
+ shield with
3/2/4/2 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b11

Cross quartered
+ shield with
6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

           
           

     Found at Arbroath, Scotland

Arb

+01

Cross quartered
+ shield with
-/-/4/4 pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

           

 

  Found at West House Mills

#

 OBVERSE  click thumbnail

 REVERSE click thumbnail

Balt

w01

Cross quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

GH
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w02

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

faint

letters

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w03

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

faint

letters

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w04

Cross quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

GH
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w05

Cross quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

GH
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w06

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

IFH

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w07

Cross quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w08

Cross quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w09

Cross quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w10

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

IFH

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w11

Cross quartered

+ shield with

?/?/-/- pellets

CM

 12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w12

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 pellets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w13

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

IFH

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w14

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

12K

WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w15

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/5/5 pellets

CR

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w16

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w17

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w18

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w19

quartered

+ shield with

4/4/4/4 pellets

??

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w20

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

I.G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w21

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

GH

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w22

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

IFH

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
w23

quartered
+ shield with
-/-/4/5 annulets

WM
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
w24

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/5/5 annulets

CR
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
w25

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/5/5 annulets

CR
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
w26

quartered
+ shield with
?/?/-/- annulets

12K
CM

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
w27

Cross quartered
+ shield with
5/5/5/5 pellets

CR
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

w28

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/1/1/ annulets

12K

WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
w29

quartered
+ shield with
1/1/1/1 annulets

12K
GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

           

 

  Found at Little Patrick Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Balt

L01

Cross quartered

+ shield with

3/3/3/3 pellets

12K

G H

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L02

Cross quartered

+ shield with

3/3/3/3 pellets

12K

G.H 

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L03

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

G H

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L04

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

12K

WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L05

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

faint

letters

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L06

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- annulets

12K

WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L07

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

I.G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L08

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

I.G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L09

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L10

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

L11

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 annulets

12K

GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
L12

quartered
+ shield with
1/1/1/1 annulets

12K
GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
L13

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- annulets

12K
WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
L14

quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- annulets

12K
WLT

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt
L15

quartered
+ shield with
1/1/1/1 annulets

12K
GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

           

 

  Found at Aked High Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Riga

AK01

quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

RB

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Riga

AW01

quartered

+ shield with

3/3/3/3 pellets

12K

G.H.

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

*

Riga

AW02

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/ pellets

I G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

*

Riga

AW03

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/ pellets

I G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

*

Riga

AW04

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

I G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

*

Riga

AW05

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

I G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

*

Riga

AW06

quartered

+ shield with

9/9/-/- pellets

I G

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

*

           
           

 

  Found at Knaresborough

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

B++

Kn01

quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

12K

WB lig

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

B++

Kn02

quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

12K

G.H.

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

B++

Kn03

Cross quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

           

 

  Found at Cumbria Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Cum

+++

01

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

12K

GH

Baltic States
IDS 437

(Krown flax)

Cum

+++

02

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/5/5 pellets

CR

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Cum

+++

03

Cross quartered

+ shield with

4/4/-/- pellets

illegible

- -

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Cum

+++

04

Cross quartered
+ shield with
?/?/?/? pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Cum
+++
05

Cross quartered
+ shield with
?/?/?/? pellets

- - -

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Cum
+++
06

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/- pellets

CR
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Cum
+++
07

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/-
annulets

CR
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Cum
+++
0
8

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/-
annulets

CR
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

           
           

 

  Found at Kinghorn Mills in Fife

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Baltic

KH01

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

I.G

9K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH02

distorted

A.R

9K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH03

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/5/5 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH04

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

A.R

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH05

Cross quartered

+ shield with

?/?/?/? pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH06

distorted

AR

9

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH07

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

RB

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH08

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

RB

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH09

ebay

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

RB
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH10

Cross quartered

+ shield with

-/-/-/- pellets

HW
12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)
Derek Hall

Baltic

KH11

Cross quartered

+ shield with

6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH12

Cross quartered

+ shield with

?/?/?/? pellets

AR

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH13

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/5/5 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH14

Cross quartered

+ shield with

?/?/?/? pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH15

Cross quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

I.G

9K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH16

Cross quartered
+ shield with
?/?/?/? pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax

Baltic

KH17

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

RB

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH18

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

IG

9K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Baltic

KH19

Cross quartered

+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

           

 

  Found at Folly Gill Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Bal

F01

Cross quartered

+ shield with

5/5/-/- pellets

I.G

12K

Riga, Narva
Baltic States

(Krown flax)

Bal

F02

Cross quartered

+ shield with

6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Riga, Narva
Baltic States

(Krown flax)

Bal

F03

quartered

+ shield with

1/1/1/1 pellets

CQ

12K

Baltic States

(Krown flax)

           

  Seals from Brompton Mills

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

BR
+++
001

Cross quartered
+ shield with
9/9/-/- pellets

WLT
12K

Baltic States (Krown flax)
IDS 576

BR
+++
002

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/- pellets

12K
ICM

Baltic States (Krown flax)
IDS 699

BR
+++
003

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/- pellets

12K
ICM

Baltic States (Krown flax)
IDS 702

BR
+++
004

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/- annulets

ICM
12K

Baltic States (Krown flax)
IDS 705

BR
+++
005

Cross quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

12K
WLT

Baltic States (Krown flax)

BR
+++
006

Cross quartered
+ shield with
5/5/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States (Krown flax)

BR
+++
007

Cross quartered
+ shield with
1/1/1/1 pellets

12K
GH

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

           

  

For a "COMPLETE LIST" of Grower/Owner/Agent initials on Cross Seals click  here

 

The PeaceHavens Project

Website design and photos by Ged Dodd
Director of The PeaceHavens Project.

Thanks for your kind support .. Ged        ged.dodd@blueyonder.co.uk

Copyright 2020 Ged Dodd

 aka PeaceHavens Project
Click here for the terms
of free copy & share &
supporting your Project