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The PeaceHavens Bentham Hoard

Flax seals from Archangel, Baltic States

 

   

Website design, maps and photos by Ged Dodd - Director of The PeaceHavens Project.

 

 

Russian Lead Flax & Hemp Bale Seals

from Bentham Mills in Yorkshire

 

 

 

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Archangel

Script in this colour is assumed to be correct from other seals

 

 

A Hands of Friendship Flax Seal

for Russia & Great Britain c.1830

 

- - - - - - - - -

  

 Russian Flax Exports in tons

Date

St.SB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Riga

Flax seals

before 1829

are stamped

NP, WK, WU

regardless of

port of export

1825

7,324

23,701

1826

7,432

23,383

1827

11,192

24,758

1828

10,884

21,377

1829 6,685   24,394  All flax seals

from 1829

are stamped

SPB or CПБ
regardless of

port of export

1830 9,365 19,807
1831 4,774 18,195
1832 8,472 20,533
1833 5,589 25,474

 

 Russian Hemp Exports in tons

Date

St.PB

 

 

Riga

Hemp seals

from 1740

to 1828 are

SPB, SPПБ

regardless of

port of export

1825

32,367

11,828

1826

29,339

10,415

1827

30,397

11,587

1828

29,157

11,156

1829 16,387   10,487

Hemp seals

from 1829

are a few

 ПEH.1, 2, 3

or PiLPD's

1830 21,673 12,360
1831 24,678 11,833
1832 29,136 13,838
1833 31,582 11,797

-------------------------------

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - -

 

Riga Seals

The Cross Keys motif is derived

 from the Arms of the town of Riga.

 

   The number at the bottom

between the keys on the seal

 is a grade or sort number of

quality with 1 the highest grade.

 

 - - - - - - - - - -

Archangel

Arms of Arkhangelsk

Archangel Michael

 slays the Devil

 - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - -

The six-pointed star, the Magen

David, the Shield of David

is also known as a hexagram,

or more rarely, Solomon's Seal.

 

 

The Caduceus is the winged staff

of the messenger god Hermes who

was the patron of trade & journeys.

A suitable logo for a company

 shipping trade goods overseas.

 

 

Many buildings in St Petersburg

have a Caduceus on their facade.

 

- - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - -

There was a shallow 8'-9" depth

barrier on the Neva river up to

St Petersburg so large vessels

were loaded and  unloaded at

Kronstadt and shipped up the

river on a light draught barge.

 - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - -

 

 

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ARC
01
  ДECЯT
БOPOBЬ
CИHPOBЬ
(BOROV SINROV)
  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)
The seals ARC 01 - ARC 05 have writing around the edge  ????AHAЯБOB??KOБ : БPAK
ARC
02
  ДECЯT
БOPOBЬ
CИHPOBЬ
(BOROV SINROV)
  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

03

  A.П.

(Archangel Port)

 ДECЯT

BK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

04

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯT

BK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
3 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
3 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

05

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯT

BK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
2 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNABRA
2 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)
 The seals ARC 01 - ARC 05 have writing around the edge  ????AHAЯБOB??KOБ : БPAK

ARC

06

- - -

ЯЦKOИ

(YATSKOI)

- - -

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
3 BD P  1807
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1807 (flax)

ARC

07

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

- - -

ARC

08

- - -

- - -

- - -

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
3 BD P  1807
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1807 (flax)

ARC

09

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ДECЯmC

MK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPA
2 BD P  18??
  A P
LNABRA
2  BD R
18?? (flax)

ARC

10

- - -

????

- - -

from

West House

Mills

(flax)

ARC

11

- - -

- - -

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
3 BD P  1807
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1807 (flax)

ARC

12

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДЕСЯЦK

? ?

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHЯHБPAK
2 ЯC P  1825
  A P
LNYANBRAK
2 Ya.S R
1825 (flax)

ARC

13

ДECЯT

ДOCЯЦKO

(DOSYATSKO)

T?S

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)
ЛHAБPAK
2 BD P  1825
  A P
LNABRAK
3 BD R
1825 (flax)

ARC

14

ФK

  A. П.
(Archangel Port)

  ЛHЯH: БPA

3 BD P 1825

A P

LNYAN.BRA

3  BD

1825  (flax)

ARC

15

A П

ДECЯESK

E?

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHЯH:БPAK

2 BD P 1825

A P

LNYAN.BRA

2 BD

1825  (flax)

ARC

16

 A.П.

ДECЯESK

AMC

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHЯH:БPAK

2 ЯC P 1825

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 YaS R

1825  (flax)

ARC

17

Д ?

BEHЬ

?ДOBЬ

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAБP

3 JD P 1811

A P

LNABRA

3 JD

1811  (flax)

ARC

18

A. П.

ДECЯЦK

??

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK

3 ЯC P 1822

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 YaS R

1822  (flax)

ARC

19

A П

ДECR--

- П

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK

3 ЯC P 1822

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 YaS R

1822  (flax)

ARC

20

A. П.

ДEЦKC

ФК

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK

2 PD P 1822

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

2 PD R

1822  (flax)

ARC

21

A-П

ДECЯЦK

AC

A. П.

ЛHЯH.БPAK

BD  ПAKЛЯ 1831

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

BD PAKLYA

1831  (flax)

  ARC 021 .. this is ПAKЛЯ grade flax (Paklya, Codilla or Scutching Tow are the broken fibres from the scutching and heckling process and are used for Tow yarns.)

ARC

22

A. П.

ДEЦK

??

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK 

2 ЯC P 1829

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

2 Ya S R

1829  (flax)

ARC

23

A.П.

(Archangel Port)

ДЕСЯЦKOИ

? ? initials

A. П.

(Archangel Port)
ЛHЯHБPAK
? ?? P  18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

?  ??  R

18?? (flax)

ARC

24

A-П

ДECЯЦK

AC

A. П.

ЛHЯH.БPAK

BD ПAKЛЯ 1831

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

BD PAKLYA

1831  (flax)

  ARC 024 .. this is ПAKЛЯ grade (Paklya, Codilla or Scutching Tow are the broken

               fibres from the scutching and heckling process and are used for Tow yarns.)

ARC

25

A. П.

ДECЯTC

CK

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK 

3 PD P 1829

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 PD R

1829  (flax)

ARC

26

A. П.

ДECЯЦK

??

A. П.

(Archangel Port)

ЛHAH:БPAK 

3 ЯC.P 18??

A P

LNYAN:BRAK

3 Ya.S R

18??  (flax)

           
           
           

Archangel Manager Seals

ДЕСЯТ (ДЕСЯТНИК) Manager in charge of ten people

  Most Bale Seals weigh 11-12 grams - These Seals weigh 23-24 grams

ARC

L01

ДeСЯТ

 ABД  AФA

HACЬe

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

1"COPmЪ

AP  1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

AR 1841

   ДeСЯТ  ABД  AФAHACЬeVЪ = Manager Аvdoti Afanas'ev (Tow flax)

ARC

L02

ДeСЯТ

 MИXA: KO

ЛYПAeB

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

2-COPmЪ

B.ЛED 1842

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

2nd SORT

V.LED 1842

  ДeСЯТ MИXA: KOЛYПAeB = Manager Michael Kolupaev (Tow flax)

ARC

L03

ДeСЯТ

 TИMO: ЗB

ЯГИHЬ

APX. БP

KУДEЛЬH

1-COPTЪ

EP  1843

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

ER 1843

  ДeСЯТ TИMO: ЗB ЯГИHЬ = Manager Timothy Zvyagin (Tow flax)

ARC

L04

????

????

????

APX. Б

????

????

????

ARCH.BR

?

?

?

 

ARC

L05

ДeСЯТ

 ABД  AФA

HACЬЁBЬ

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

1-COPmЪ

AP  1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

AR 1841

 

ARC

L06

ДeСЯТ

 ABД  AФA

HACЬeBЬ

APX. БP

KУДeЛЬH

1-COPmЪ

AP   1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

AR 1841

   ДeСЯТ  ABД  AФA HACЬeBЬ = Manager Аvdoti Afanasev  (Tow flax)

ARC

L07

????

????

????

????

????

????

 

 

ARC

L08

ДЕСЯт.

 ФEД.БPЮ

XAHOBЪ

APX. БP
KУДЁЛЬH
 2 COPтЪ

AP   1842

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

2nd SORT

AR 1842

   Manager Fedor Bryukhanov - APX. БP = Archangel inspected Kudel Tow flax 1842

ARC

L09

ДЕСЯT.

 ABД.AФA

HACЬE

APX. БP
KУДЁЛЬH
1 COPтЪ

B.ЛED   1841

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

V.LED 1841

   Manager Аvdoti Afanasev - Archangel inspected 1st grade Kudel (Tow) flax 1841

ARC

L10

ДЕСЯТ

 MИXA: CB

EЩHИKOBЪ

APX. БP

ЧECKAЬ

1-CORTЬ

AP   1843

Manager Michael Sveshchnikov - APX. БP  = Archangel. Brack (inspected)

 1-CORTЬ = 1 Sort Cheska Low Grade Heckled Flax - AR  1843

ARC

L11

APX.БP

ДЕСЯТ.

 HИKOЛAИ

TAPУCOB

APX. БP

KУДЁЛЬH

2-COP

M:K 1851

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

2nd SORT

M:K 1851

  ДЕСЯТ HИKOЛAИ TAPУCOB = Manager Inspector Nikolai Tarusov  (Tow flax)

ARC
L12

APXAHГ.ПOP
ДECЯT
AHДPEI ШУMAH
(ANDREI SHUMAN)

APX.БPA
КУДЕЛЪ
1.COPTЪ
E П 1845

ARCH BRA

KUDEL
1st Sort
(flax)

E P 1845

   ДЕСЯТ AHДPEI ШУMAH = Archangel Port Inspector Andrei Shuman (Kudel flax)

ARC

L13

ДЕСЯТ

 KOCT. ЗБ

ГИHЬ

APX. БP

KУДЁЛЬH

1-COPTЬ

BЛED  1843

ARCH.BR

KUDYEL'N

1st SORT

V.LED 1843

  ДЕСЯТ KOCT: ЗBГИHЬ = Manager Kost. Zbgin

ARC

L14

APX.БPA

ДЕСЯТCK

МИХАИЛО ЕВПИЛOВЪ
(MIKHAILO EVPILOV)

АРХАН. ПОРТ

ЧЕСКА

2.COPTЬ

Я.П.В.  1883

ARCHAN. PORT

CHESKA

2nd SORT

Ya.P.V. 1883

  ДЕСЯТCK  МИХАИЛО ЕВПИЛOВЪ = Manager Mikhailo Evpilov

 This seal was found in a field between Low Bentham road and a nearby railway line.
  The field lies behind what is a newish junior school. This is about mid point between
 High and Low Bentham which are about a mile apart along the road. .

           
           
           

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Riga, Latvia

There are more Riga seals on the other sites

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

R

b01

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

R

b02

+

 crossed keys

2

usually

blank

Riga

R

b03

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

R

b04

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

R

b05

+

 crossed keys

1

usually

blank

Riga

           

Lead Flax Bale Seals from Baltic States

There are more Baltic States seals on the other sites

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

Balt

b01

Cross quartered
+ shield with
9/9/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b02

Cross quartered
+ shield with
-/-/-/- pellets

WM

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b03

Cross quartered
+ shield with
4/4/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

Balt

b04

Cross quartered
+ shield with
-/-/-/- pellets

WM

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b05

Cross quartered
+ shield with
9/9/-/- pellets

WLT

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b06

Cross quartered
+ shield with
6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

Balt

b07

Cross quartered
+ shield with
6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

Balt

b08

Cross quartered
+ shield with
3/2/4/2 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b09

Cross quartered
+ shield with
3/2/4/2 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b10

Cross quartered
+ shield with
3/2/4/2 pellets

HW

12K

Baltic States
(Krown flax)

Balt

b11

Cross quartered
+ shield with
6/6/-/- pellets

CR

12

Baltic States
(flax)

           

 

Star Seals from St Petersburg, Russia

Script in this colour is assumed to be correct from other seals

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

star

001

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV) 

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

002

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV) 

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

003

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV) 

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

004

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV) 

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

005

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

006

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

007

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

008

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

009

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

010

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV) 

P.H.PAWLOW.

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

011

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

012

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

013

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

014

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

015

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

016

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

017

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

star

018

Ф.ПABЛOBЬ

(F.PAVLOV)

P.H.PAWLOW

S. PETERSBURG

Caduceus

         
         

The only other known seal of this type is a badly damaged example in

Great Yarmouth Museum with a star and RBURG on the reverse.

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Deciphering Alexander Shubin Friendship Seals

  Very rare seal .. the 11 known Alexander Shubin Seals have all

  been found in the seal fields at Bentham Mills

  Obverse . AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ,  ANCHOURER, EPOTASTPETERSBBOURG.

            (ALEXANDER SHUBIN, ANCHOR MAKER, ST PETERSBURG PORT)

  The anchor was an important part of the City Arms of St Petersburg.

ALT
01

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ
(ALEXANDER SHUBIN)

ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG.

WREATH
CLASPED HANDS
ALTAR or ANVIL

  The reverse has a wreath of flax flowers, with clasped Hands of Friendship, on what

  could be an altar or a blacksmith's anvil.  

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

REVERSE click thumbnail

ALT

01

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

  ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

02

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

  ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

03

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

  ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

04

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

  ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

05

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

  ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

06

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

07

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

08

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

09

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

10

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

11

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

12

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

ALT

13

AЛEKCEH ШУБИHЬ

ALEXANDER SHUBIN

 ANCHOURER

EPORTASTPETERSBOURG

clasped hands

wreath, altar

         
         

 

   Paired & Port Dockside Inspector Seals
ЛПC (LPS) = Senior Flax port inspector ... ЛП (LP) = Junior Flax port inspector
ППC (PPS) = Senior Hemp port inspector ... ПП (PP) = Junior Hemp port inspector

  ПИЛПД (PiLPD) ... Hemp and Flax port dockside Inspector

#

OBVERSE  click thumbnail

OBVERSE click thumbnail

ND
01

ПИЛПД = PiLPD

 H.KAЛTУШK

(N.KALTUSHKIN)
*

Blank

* means hemp seal

ND

002

ЛПC = LPS

П.БAЛOБAHOB

(P.BALOBANOV)

H2  (flax)

ЛП = LP

B.COMPEKOB

(V.SOMREKOV)

H2  (flax)

ND

003

ЛПC = LPS

П.БAЛOБAHOB

(P.BALOBANOV)

H2  (flax)

ЛП = LP

B.COMPEKOB

(V.SOMREKOV)

H2  (flax)

ND

004

ЛПC = LPS

П.БAЛOБAHOB

(P.BALOBANOV)

H2  (flax)

ЛП = LP

B.COMPEKOB

(V.SOMREKOV)

H2 (flax)

ND

005

ЛПC = LPS

П.БAЛOБAHOB

(P.BALOBANOV)

H2  (flax)

ЛП = LP

B.COMPEKOB

(V.SOMREKOV)

H2 (flax)

ND

006

ППC = PPS

blank

ПП = PP

Д.КУДРЯЕВ

(D.KUDRYAEV)

H2 (hemp)

ND002-006 .. These seals have 2 obverse & no reverse. They are double headed

 

 

 

 

 

           

 

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